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Date: January 19, 2007
Contact: Anne Strong
Telephone: (301) 279-9697

HAI Research Contributes to Public Discussion of Environmental Cleanup of Industrial Watersheds

Michael Reis, director of Litigation Research at History Associates Incorporated, Rockville, Maryland, has published an article describing the company’s research concerning New Jersey’s Newark Bay complex, a key industrial watershed and the focus (involving, initially, the lower Passaic River, a tributary to Newark Bay) of an urban river restoration initiative, a cooperative program that combines the authorities and expertise of the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the Army Corps of Engineers, and state and local authorities, in partnership with the industrial community and other stakeholders all in an effort to bring about more timely and effective restoration of degraded urban, historically industrial rivers. The Passaic River is one of the pilot projects of this initiative. The Newark Bay watershed drains a sizeable portion of northern New Jersey and Staten Island in New  York and is connected by tidal flows to New York harbor.

Reis’s article, entitled “Wartime Mobilization and the Newark Bay Home Front Environment” and published in Environmental Claims Journal  18 (4/Fall): 293-320 (2006), documents the federal government’s extensive involvement in industrial plants that discharged toxic wastes into the bay under critical production pressures during World War I, World War II, and the Cold War era. In World War II alone, for instance, the United States owned, operated, or contracted with more than 1,000 sites in and around the Newark Bay complex, producing airplane engines, ships, and a variety of other war-related products. Disposal of hazardous wastes often fell to the bottom of the list of wartime priorities as the nation aimed at defeating the Axis powers.

About History Associates
For more than thirty years the historians and archivists at History Associates have demonstrated that history is valuable in the market as well as the marketplace of ideas. They provide professional corporate histories, exhibit content, interpretive planning, historical research, archival services, and collections management services to clients throughout the United States and around the world. History Associates strives to be The Best Company in History®, serving corporate, government, legal, and nonprofit clients from its headquarters in Rockville, Maryland. For more information, call (301) 279-9697 or visit

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